University Camilo José Cela has just finished the first stage of the R&D project entitled “SkinSen: Homeostatic 3D enveloping architecture to create adaptive intelligent sensitive skin on building façades“, carried out by a research group made up of professors and students, led by Rafael Hernández López, María Dolores Donaire Galiano, Elena Turrado Domínguez, Silvia Salado, Alicia Ozámiz, Rosana Rubio and Irene del Valle de la Sen, who introduced the idea of “second skin” for the development of its PFC in 2013.
The research, funded by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, as well as by the European Regional Development Funds (FEDER) under the RETOS-COLABORACION 2017 subprogramme by the Ministry of Economy and Enterprise (MINECO), focuses on the development of a smart building envelope that acts as a sensitive skin. The starting point is to build it based on 3 components: a hydrogel type material / piezoelectric polymer envelope (skin), a support structure of the surrounding material (folds) and a 3D sensor meshing system (pores).
PielSen offers a new viable architectural element from the technical-economic point of view, which is developed from a concept somewhere between bioclimatic architecture and Smart building. It not only brings development of solutions in the field of architecture and construction, but in advances related to its impact on health, well-being, the environment, energy resources and technological innovation applied to the buildings themselves. PielSEN is applicable to complementary fields and the development of designs such as sunglasses or underwear.
The idea is to obtain an enveloping skin for façades, designed to act as such. Designed to give a coordinated response through interconnection with the rest of the components of the constructive system, generating an interstitial space between elements that can be understood as a homoeostatic skin, which reacts according to its environment and allows the preservation of conditions in the inside the homes, and with it, the habitability and health of the occupants.
The goal is to provide buildings with skin, pores and folds that even allow them to generate their own energy. It is aimed at a market that aims to save money for final consumers, increasing the use of clean energy.
The aid granted by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities and MINECO finances the work consortium that, under the name of ‘Collaboration Challenges’, collaborates with UCJC in the research. Participating companies include FCC Construcción, TAS Iberia, software and services company, CeDInt UPM, and the Acor Technology Group working group. The project will be carried out by FCC Construcción in a period of 36 months (2018-2020).